Have you ever wondered how photographers make water look the way it does in the picture below? It’s actually quite easy and I am excited to let you know the trick. You don’t have to be near a beautiful waterfall to practice. I’ll show you some places around the house that will work just fine!
First things first, I only know how to do this with a SLR camera (the camera’s that have interchangeable lenses). If you have an SLR, this tutorial will be for you! Now that you have your camera, make sure to switch the settings to the ‘M’ for manual. This way you will be able to mess with all the settings and master the art of ‘slow shutter speed’.
Take a picture with your shutter speed at a high number and your aperture at a low number. This could look something like your shutter speed being 100, aperture being 2.0 and ISO being 400. When you are adjusting your shutter speed, make sure to look in the viewfinder of your camera at the little bar that will go back and forth when you adjust your shutter speed. That little bar needs to be in the middle at 0. Take a photo and notice that the picture will take very quickly and the shot will freeze. See the example below with the faucet, the water almost appears to be frozen.
On the contrary, if you want to make the water look like it’s still moving and almost have a ‘foggy’ look, follow these steps! First off, adjust the aperture to a high number, for example: you can make your aperture 11, shutter speed 13 and keep your ISO at 400. Since your shutter speed is a lower number and your aperture is a higher number, there will be a delay when you take your picture. Instead of the picture taking really fast, it will have a noticeable delay. Often times it is hard to get a clear picture from this, so putting your camera on a tripod will be helpful. You will then see that the water looks like it is in motion instead of frozen.
Fast shutter speed with low aperture number.
Slow shutter speed with large aperture number.
This picture is very noticeable. You can see that the water is at a dead stop with the fast shutter speed.
And the water appears to still be moving with the slow shutter speed.
I captured this raindrop hit the floor with the fast shutter speed and low aperture number.
This is the same picture but with a slower shutter speed and higher aperture number. You can barely see the raindrop! It looks like mist.
Another example of a faucet. Practice makes perfect so try every place in the house where you can find water movement.
Once you have mastered the art of a slow shutter speed, you will be able to take a photo like this! Super easy and looks beautiful.
I hope that this was helpful! I love photography and get so excited to share what I’ve learned from others. I wondered for so long how photographers took a photo like the one above and love that I can show you now. Remember, every camera is different and every lens acts in a different way. Play with your camera and mess with the settings over and over, that’s how you will get better and feel more comfortable using it.
What other photography tips would you like? I will do my best to help you master this beautiful art. I still have so much more to learn too!